All PHP programmers are familiar with the superglobal variables such as $_GET, $_REQUEST$_POST, but their direct use is not allowed according to Magento2 code standards. So don't use them in your Magento 2 projects, especially if you want to pass the code Technical Review on the Magento Marketplace.

So what methods should be used?

To get data from the query, use the following methods:
getParam($key, $default = null);
getParams();
getPostParam($key, $default = null);
getPost();
of the \Magento\Framework\App\Request\Http class, for example:

protected $request;

public function __construct(
    \Magento\Framework\App\Request\Http $request,
    ....//інші параметри вашого класу
) {
    $this->request = $request;
    ...//інший код конструктора
}

public function example() {
    // $data = $_REQUEST;
    $data = $this->request->getParams();

    // $id = isset($_REQUEST['id']) ? $_REQUEST['id'] : null;
  $id = $this->request->getParam('id');

    // $name = isset($_REQUEST['name']) ? $_REQUEST['name'] : 'петро';
$name = $this->request->getParam('name', 'петро');

    // $postData = $_POST;
$postData = $this->request->getPost();

    // $password = isset($_POST['password']) ? $_REQUEST['password'] : null;
$name = $this->request->getPostValue('password');

    // $storeId = isset($_POST['store_id']) ? $_REQUEST['store_id'] : 1;
$storeId = $this->request->getPostValue('store_id', 1);
}

If you have experience with ZendFramework, then you should be familiar with these methods.

Important! To get a query object in a controller or block class, do not declare any additional dependency in the constructor. The public method getRequest() is available to you.